Sewing 201 - How to take Body Measurements
Updated: Feb 1
Now that we have become hopefully familiar with the sewing machine and sewing a straight stitch, it is time to venture into the world of garment sewing. Step one is the proper taking of measurements. There are a lot of measurements one can take depending on what you are sewing and the body you are measuring. For now we will cover the core measurements to create a profile of sorts from head to toe. These we shall apply when we begin our drafting lessons. Any other extra measurements will be mentioned when we need it.
Please wear your normal underwear (this includes shapewear/girdle if you normally wear them), for this process. You may also tie a ribbon or elastic at your natural waist to help guide you.
Above the Waist Measurements
NECK – Take at the base of the neck where it is thickest
ACROSS SHOULDER – Take from one Shoulder bone across the back to the other Shoulder bone (Do not include the arm)
SHOULDER – Take from base of neck to shoulder bone
ACROSS CHEST – Take from armpit to armpit across the chest
ACROSS BACK- Take from armpit to armpit across the back
UPPER BUST – Take around the torso above the bust
FULL BUST – Take around the torso over the fullest part of the bust
APEX WIDTH – Take from nipple to nipple
FULL WAIST – Take around the natural waist (this is at elbow length or slightly above the belly button)
CENTRE FRONT – Take from Collar bone at front to waist
CENTRE BACK – Take from Neck bone at back to waist
SHOULDER TO BUST (Bust depth) – Take from base of neck to nipple (Highest point of bust)
SHOULDER TO WAIST (full length) – Take from base of neck to the waist, passing over the bust. You will take this measurement at the Front and at the Back. Label them as Front Length and Back Length
SIDE – Take from armpit (1inch or 2.5cm below armpit) to waist. Keep arm down.
ARMHOLE – Take around armhole
Below the Waist Measurements
FULL HIPS – Take around the fullest part of the hips
HIGH HIPS (BELLY) – Take around the abdomen just about where your hip bones are
HIP DEPTH – Take from waist to fullest part of hips
WAIST TO KNEE – Take from waist at the side to the knee
WAIST TO FLOOR (OUTSEAM) – Take from waist at the side to the floor
INSEAM – Take from highest point of inner thigh to the floor
CROTCH DEPTH (Body rise) – Sit on a hard flat surface and take from Waist to the seat at the side. Alternatively, you can calculate Outseam Minus Inseam.
CROTCH LENGTH – Take from waist at the front, between the legs, to waist at the Back
UPPER THIGH – Take around the thigh at the highest point
KNEE – Take around the knee (not too tight)
ANKLE – Take around the ankle (not too tight)
FOOT (Base) – Take around the foot (not too tight)
FULL ARM LENGTH – Take from shoulder bone to wrist bone, keeping arm slightly bent
UNDER ARM LENGTH – Take from armpit to the wrist bone, keeping arm slightly bent
SHOULDER TO ELBOW – Take from shoulder bone to elbow crease
BICEP – Take around bicep or upper arm, keeping arm flexed
WRIST – Take around wrist (not too tight)
HAND – Take around hand (not too tight)
That’s all for today. Remember to record accurate measurements. You can work in either inches or centimetres. See you in the next chapter!
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